The aim of this Policy Brief is to explore (i) housing problems, such as
poor housing quality, overcrowdedness, housing cost overburden, and (ii) access to basic local services, including public transport, postal and banking services across the EU27 . We also assess whether the population at risk of poverty is exposed to cumulative disadvantage, suffering from both low incomes and housing deprivation. We complement the analysis with a focus on specific social groups in Austria. The calculations are based on EU-SILC 2009, with representative samples of the population in 27 EU countries.
In 2009, an estimated 30 million people, 6% of the EU27 population, suffered from severe housing deprivation and 18% lived in overcrowded conditions. We found a major geographical divide across Europe, with highest rates in Eastern European countries. The population at risk of poverty is more likely to live in overcrowded conditions or in a dwelling with quality shortfalls. The prevalence of severe housing deprivation is close to 14% among those at risk of poverty in the EU on average, which implies a rate of over twofold compared to the total population.
12% of the EU27 population lived in a household that spent 40% or more of its net income on housing. The population at risk of poverty is more affected in all the countries. In 13 out of 27 EU Member States at least one in three persons on low incomes suffered from housing cost overburden.
About one in five persons in the EU27 report difficulties with access to
public transport. In some Mediterranean and Eastern European countries, Ireland and the Netherlands, low-income groups are relatively more disadvantaged in national standards. There is a large diversity across Europe with respect to problems with access to postal and banking services, ranging between 2% and 39%, and the poor population typically falls behind in most countries.
In Austria, migrants from outside the EU face the highest prevalence
of severe housing deprivation, with a rate of 16%. Large families, single parents, and those at risk of poverty have an above average exposure to housing deprivation. The elderly living in rural areas have the most severe problem with access to public transport and access to postal and banking services. Large families and single elderly have also above average risk.
|Please click below to read the full Policy Brief on "Housing Problems and access to basic local services in the EU27. How does Austria compare ?".|
Housing Problems and access to basic local services in the EU27